It was established in the 1940s that each individual could belong to a morphotype. There are three categories of morphotype according to embryonic development. The theories have since been substantiated. No morphology is impossible to change as long as good practices are adopted.
What is morphotype?
In the 1940s, an American psychologist by the name of William Sheldon developed work on the human physical constitution. For this, he based his work on data related to embryology. By analyzing certain embryonic tissues, he was able to distinguish three types of morphology for all human beings. Each morphology was associated with several character traits.
To develop his work, Sheldon was particularly interested in three embryonic tissues responsible for the development of certain organs: the endoderm (responsible for developing the digestive system), the mesoderm (which stimulates the growth of muscles, the circulatory system, and the heart) and the ectoderm (responsible for the development of the brain and the nervous system).
In his work, Sheldon has also associated certain personality traits that are unique to each individual based on his or her morphology. William Sheldon’s theories are well known in the bodybuilding world. They can often help to adopt a particular diet or to follow specific training.
The three categories of silhouette
In publishing his theories, Dr. Sheldon put forward three morphotypes for different individuals: ectomorphic, mesomorphic, and endomorphic.
This morphology corresponds to a subject who has a rather slim and slender silhouette with narrow shoulders. These people generally have a very fast metabolism that allows them to eat a certain amount of food without gaining weight.
An ectomorph is often associated with a rather introverted, sensitive personality, with rather developed artistic tastes. They tend to dislike crowds and to withdraw into themselves in the face of annoyances.
This morphotype often has naturally developed muscles and a tendency to burn fat more easily than any other morphology. It is often the perfect somatotype for most people looking to develop their muscles.
On the personality side, they are said to have a fairly energetic and lively temperament. They are considered courageous, but can also be bossy, sometimes aggressive and more risk-taking than others.
Smaller and stockier, and endomorph often has a greater tendency to develop a certain corpulence and to store fat. Muscles are not very present and the body is rather soft. It is often said that these people will have no trouble gaining muscle if they learn the proper exercises, but the fight against fat will be more complicated.
It is often said that endomorphs like luxury, comfort, and good food. With a rather sociable and jovial temperament, they are often quite outgoing and make friends easily.
Advice for each category of somatotype
This classification is not engraved in the rock. In the late 1950s, Parnell picked up some data from the work of Dr. Sheldon, followed by Heath and Carter in the mid-1960s. Their findings revealed that morphologies were not only decided during embryonic development. Indeed, it was also determined by other important environmental factors. These include social class, education, diet, growth, age, level of physical activity… Each individual is a mixture of several morphotypes. One sometimes dominates the other two.
The good news is that an endomorph considered to be rather prone to being overweight can quite easily develop the figure he or she dreams of, provided that good practices are followed. For example, he or she should first focus on cardio-training and increase the level of strength training exercises as they are done. In terms of diet, saturated fats and refined sugars should first be banned to hope for a loss of fat.
In the case of ectomorphic, it is advisable to concentrate on activities that develop the musculature and avoid cardiovascular exercise as much as possible. Training sessions should be limited to three per week and should be fairly intense but brief. In terms of diet, it is important to ensure that you have at least 5 or 6 food intakes per day. If no results are obtained, you should consider turning to dietary supplements.
For a predominantly mesomorphic person, the most important thing is to maintain the body. Sessions should be regular, but of moderate intensity, with lots of cardiovascular exercises. The diet must be as balanced as possible.