“I have a fast metabolism! I can eat whatever I want without putting on an ounce! “. Many of us have heard someone say this sentence before. We often envy this person. But the metabolism in question, what is it? What is the difference between a fast metabolism and slow metabolism?
Metabolism: what is it?
Metabolism is a constant process used by the body to keep all its organs functioning (1). It is the set of arrangements of roles and mechanisms that keep the body alive: heart function, brain activity, breathing, digestion, body temperature
The metabolic action is continuous. The metabolism always works, even when you sleep, just like a motor that runs non-stop. This functioning costs the body energy. An energy expenditure that depends on many physiological factors such as sex, age, weight, height
Some people have a faster metabolism than others. This is due to several factors specific to their body and also to their lifestyle
What is a fast metabolism?
Scientists tend to use the term “high basal metabolic rate” to describe rapid metabolism. It refers to a category of people with a low, very low level of fat mass. These people can eat large amounts of food without gaining weight.
Their bodies have a slightly higher rate of nutrient assimilation than most people. They’re called ectomorphs. They burn calories fairly quickly without storing fat or storing very little fat. This is usually related to an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)
The big mistake is to believe that a slim individual necessarily has a high metabolism. It doesn’t work that way. An obese person with a lot of fat stored in their body may have a higher basal metabolic rate than a thin person with little muscle and fat
Here’s how it works: if two individuals have the same body fat mass, the person with the most muscle will have the highest metabolism. It is also a work of genetics and lifestyle
How do you increase your metabolism?
Slow metabolism is characterized by an almost systematic accumulation of fat. This can invariably lead to weight gain. Fortunately, it is possible to boost your metabolism. Of course, there will be some changes to adopt daily
Eat more often
The digestion mechanism costs the body energy. So the more it repeats itself during the day, the more it promotes the destocking of fats. But we must eat healthily. Lots of fruit and vegetables in this case, and also proteins that promote thermogenesis
This is a fact: the more water you drink, the more calories you burn
Eat fat-burning drinks
Black coffee and green tea are the best in this category. There are also several food supplements with thermogenic properties available on the market. These are incredibly effective when combined with a balanced diet
Physical activities have the advantage of giving flammable material to your metabolism. Getting plenty of exercises while eating a balanced diet can help speed up your metabolism. Turn to endurance sports for more results
Sleep plays an important role in the performance of your metabolism. Indeed, it is at rest that certain metabolic functions are best activated.
Also read: Lipids: all about lipid metabolism